iGaming Complete

Incognia's integrated geolocation compliance and account security solution is designed for digital operators in iGaming, Sports Wagering, Daily Fantasy Sports & Real Money Skilled Based Gaming

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How big is the iGaming industry today?

The expected growth rate of the US iGaming industry is projected to be significant in the coming years. According to a report by Grand View Research, the US online gambling market size is expected to reach USD 102.97 billion by 2025, growing at a compound annual growth rate (CAGR) of 11.5% from 2021 to 2025. This growth is expected to be driven by factors such as the increasing adoption of smartphones and the internet, the legalization of online gambling in more states, and the growing demand for online iGaming and sports betting.

According to ResearchAndMarkets.com, the global gaming industry was valued at USD 46.9 billion in 2020 and is expected to reach USD 92.9 billion by 2023, growing at a compound annual growth rate (CAGR) of 11.3% during the forecast period of 2021-2026. The growth of the global iGaming industry is driven by factors such as the increasing use of mobile devices, the adoption of cryptocurrencies, the rise in online sports betting, and the growth of the esports industry. The report also notes that the Asia-Pacific region is expected to experience the highest growth rate due to the increasing number of internet users and the growing popularity of online iGaming in countries like China and India.

How is fraud in the iGaming industry a problem?

Abstract view of a phone showing a shield

Fraud is a significant challenge for the iGaming industry, and it is estimated that online iGaming fraud costs the industry billions of dollars annually. The exact prevalence of fraud in the iGaming industry is difficult to quantify because many fraud cases go undetected or unreported.

However, the rise of online iGaming has made it easier for fraudsters to target iGaming operators. The industry has become a popular target for fraudsters due to the large amounts of money involved and the relative ease with which fraudulent activities can occur.

To combat this, iGaming operators have invested heavily in fraud prevention and detection technologies and have implemented strict security measures to protect their customers and their businesses.

The most common forms of online iGaming fraud include:

1. Chargeback fraud

Chargeback fraud occurs when a player deposits money into their iGaming account, then files a fraudulent chargeback claim with their bank or credit card company, claiming that the transaction was unauthorized.

2. Collusion

Collusion occurs when two or more players work together to cheat the system. For example, they may share information about their cards or coordinate their betting to gain an unfair advantage.

3. Bonus abuse

Bonus abuse occurs when players take advantage of promotional offers or bonuses by creating multiple accounts or using fake identities to claim the same bonus multiple times.

4. Account takeover

ATO occurs when a hacker gains unauthorized access to a player's iGaming account and uses it to make fraudulent transactions.

5. Identity theft

Identity theft occurs when a fraudster uses stolen personal information to open an iGaming account in someone else's name.

6. Money laundering

Criminals may use online iGaming platforms to launder money obtained through illegal activities, such as drug trafficking or fraud.

7. Bot fraud

Bot fraud occurs when automated software is used to simulate human players to cheat the system or gain an unfair advantage.

What types of online games are the most susceptible to fraud?

Illustration of a crank handle with the word "fraud" as result

Online games that involve real money transactions, such as online casinos, sports betting, and online poker, are typically more susceptible to fraud. These types of games often involve large sums of money and attract the attention of fraudsters looking to exploit vulnerabilities in the system.

In addition, online games that allow players to trade virtual items or in-game currency for real money are also susceptible to fraud. These games include massively multiplayer online role-playing games (MMORPGs) and other online games with in-game economies.

However, it's important to note that any online game can be vulnerable to fraud, depending on the specific circumstances. Fraudsters are often opportunistic and will look for ways to exploit weaknesses in any system, regardless of the game or platform. Therefore, game operators need to implement robust fraud detection and prevention measures to protect their players and their business.

What types of online iGaming fraud are the most lucrative?

Online iGaming scams can result in significant financial gains for fraudsters, who exploit various methods to deceive and manipulate unsuspecting victims. One highly lucrative technique is using stolen credit cards to make deposits, play games, and withdraw winnings before the card owner becomes aware of the theft.

Collusion between players is another way to maximize ill-gotten gains, as cooperating individuals work together to win large pots and split the winnings. Similarly, bot fraud is an attractive option for scammers, as automated bots can play games for extended periods without human intervention, accumulating substantial sums of money.

Criminals also use online iGaming platforms to launder money obtained through illegal activities such as drug trafficking or fraud. By funneling these funds through iGaming platforms, they can disguise their source and obtain significant financial gains. Additionally, bonus abuse presents an opportunity for unscrupulous players to create multiple accounts or use fake identities to claim the same bonus multiple times, accumulating considerable amounts of bonus money.

How do bad actors cheat at online poker?

Bad actors employ various strategies to cheat at online poker, often using sophisticated techniques to gain an unfair advantage over other players.

  • Collusion is a common method where players share information about their cards or work together to manipulate the game in their favor. This collaboration can involve using private chat rooms, instant messaging, or even voice communication to exchange information.

  • Multi-accounting is another form of cheating, where a single player creates multiple accounts to play against themselves. By controlling multiple players at the same table, they can influence the game's outcome and unfairly increase their chances of winning.

  • Bots are often used to automate gameplay, enabling players to participate in games for extended periods without human intervention. These bots can be programmed with advanced strategies and decision-making capabilities, providing an unfair advantage over human opponents.

  • Ghosting is a deceptive practice in which players use software or assistance from another person to watch other players' games and receive real-time advice. This can involve screen-sharing or coaching, allowing the cheating player to make better-informed decisions based on their opponents' actions.

  • Card marking is a less common but still effective method of cheating, where players mark the cards they are dealt using invisible ink or other subtle techniques. This allows the cheater to gain valuable information about their opponents' hands and manipulate their play accordingly.

  • Hacking is an extreme form of cheating, where players exploit vulnerabilities in the online poker system to access other players' cards or manipulate the game in their favor. This can involve intercepting data transmissions, exploiting software glitches, or compromising server security.

To counter these cheating methods, online poker sites implement various security measures, including software that detects bots and automated play, analyzes gameplay data for unusual patterns, and monitors player behavior to identify collusion. Additionally, sites employ random seating and shuffling algorithms to prevent players from colluding or multi-accounting, making it more difficult for cheaters to gain an unfair advantage.

What are some common mobile game scams?

There are several common mobile game scams that people should be aware of. Here are a few examples:

  • Phishing Scams: These scams typically involve sending fake emails, text messages, or other communication that appear to be from legitimate game developers or companies. The goal is to trick users into providing personal information or login credentials

  • Fake Rewards: Some mobile games offer in-game rewards for completing certain tasks or achievements. Scammers may create fake versions of these games that promise even greater rewards but require users to pay money or provide personal information first

  • Malware: Some mobile games may contain malware that can infect a user's device, steal personal information, or cause other types of harm

  • Fake Reviews: Scammers may create fake reviews for mobile games that are actually scams to make them appear more legitimate and trustworthy

  • Subscription Scams: Some mobile games may offer free trials or subscriptions but then charge users a recurring fee without their knowledge or consent

How does iGaming fraud detection work?

Illustration of a user been verified and the process behind it

Machine learning is one of the most cutting-edge technologies used by iGaming operators to detect fraud. Machine learning is a form of artificial intelligence that uses algorithms and statistical models to analyze large amounts of data and identify patterns.

In the context of iGaming fraud detection, machine learning algorithms can be trained on historical data to learn the patterns of normal player behavior and identify deviations from those patterns that may indicate fraudulent activity. The algorithms can also be trained to learn the patterns of fraudulent behavior and identify new instances of those patterns as they occur.

Machine learning algorithms can analyze various data points, including player behavior, transaction history, and device information. They can also be used to analyze unstructured data, such as chat logs and player support tickets, which can provide additional insights into fraudulent activity.

In addition to machine learning, iGaming operators also use other advanced technologies to detect fraud, including:

  1. Real-time transaction monitoring: This technology allows operators to monitor transactions in real time and identify suspicious activity as it occurs.
  2. Biometric authentication: Biometric authentication uses unique physical or behavioral characteristics, such as fingerprints or typing patterns, to verify the identity of players and prevent account takeover fraud.
  3. Blockchain technology: Blockchain technology can be used to create tamper-proof transaction records and ensure the iGaming platform's integrity.
  4. Fraud detection software: Advanced fraud detection software can analyze player behavior and transaction data to identify fraud patterns and flag suspicious activity for further investigation.

Overall, iGaming operators use a combination of advanced technologies and manual review processes to detect and prevent fraud. As fraudsters evolve their tactics, iGaming operators must remain vigilant and invest in cutting-edge technologies to stay ahead of the game.

How do iGaming operators detect player collusion?

Player collusion is a serious issue for iGaming operators as it can lead to unfair gameplay and loss of revenue. To detect player collusion, iGaming operators may use various methods and techniques, such as:

  1. Data Analytics: iGaming operators can use data analytics tools to monitor player behavior and detect unusual patterns or trends. This can help identify instances of collusion, such as multiple players consistently winning large amounts of money simultaneously.
  2. Game Integrity Teams: Many iGaming operators have dedicated teams that monitor gameplay and investigate any suspicious activity. These teams may use a combination of data analytics, player behavior analysis, and manual investigation to detect and prevent collusion.
  3. Anti-Cheating Software: Some iGaming operators use anti-cheating software that can detect suspicious activity and flag potential instances of collusion. This software can analyze gameplay in real-time, identify unusual patterns, and alert operators to potential collusion.
  4. Player Reviews: iGaming operators may review player feedback and complaints to identify potential instances of collusion. Players may report suspicious activity or behavior they believe to be collusion, which the operator can investigate.

What are some examples of iGaming fraud detection solutions?

iGaming operators employ various methods and techniques to detect and prevent player collusion, which can lead to unfair gameplay and revenue loss.

Data analytics tools often monitor player behavior and identify unusual patterns or trends. By analyzing game data, operators can detect potential collusion, such as multiple players consistently winning large sums of money simultaneously.

Many operators maintain dedicated game integrity teams that monitor gameplay and investigate suspicious activity. These teams employ a combination of data analytics, player behavior analysis, and manual investigation to detect and prevent collusion effectively.

Anti-cheating software is another tool in the arsenal of iGaming operators. This software can analyze gameplay in real-time, identify unusual patterns, and alert operators to potential collusion, thereby facilitating swift action against cheaters.

Player feedback and reviews are invaluable in identifying possible instances of collusion. Operators may examine player complaints and reports of suspicious activity or behavior that players believe to be indicative of collusion, and subsequently launch investigations as needed.

In addition to these measures, advanced geolocation technology plays a crucial role in detecting player collusion. By providing real-time insights, geolocation compliance enables proactive fraud prevention. With sophisticated location verification and device intelligence, geolocation technology is a powerful tool in the fight against risky behavior in the iGaming industry.

It's important to note that no single fraud detection solution is perfect, and a combination of different solutions may be necessary to detect and prevent fraud effectively. Additionally, iGaming operators must also have strong internal controls, policies, and procedures to ensure that they can detect and respond to fraudulent activity quickly and effectively.

How is location data used for iGaming fraud prevention today?

Location data is an important tool for iGaming fraud prevention as it can help operators ensure that players are located in authorized jurisdictions and prevent fraudulent activity. Today, iGaming operators use various technologies to collect and analyze location data, such as GPS tracking, IP geolocation, and Wi-Fi triangulation. By verifying the player's location, operators can ensure that they are not playing from a restricted jurisdiction or using a VPN to circumvent geographic restrictions. Location data can also be used to identify unusual activity, such as a player logging in from multiple locations in a short period of time, which could indicate fraudulent activity. In addition, operators can use location data to ensure compliance with local regulations and prevent underage gambling. Overall, location data is a valuable tool for iGaming operators in preventing fraud and maintaining the integrity of their platforms.

If there were accurate and real-time location data available, how could iGaming operators use it?

Details of a user login showing date, time and address

If there was a hyper-accurate and real-time location data solution available, iGaming operators could use it to enhance their fraud prevention efforts, improve player experience, and gain valuable insights into player behavior. With hyper-accurate and real-time location data, operators could ensure that players are located in authorized jurisdictions, prevent fraudulent activity, and detect unusual behavior in real-time. This would allow them to quickly take action to prevent fraud or suspicious activity, and provide a more secure iGaming environment for players. Additionally, real-time location data could be used to improve the player experience by providing personalized offers and promotions based on a player's location, interests, and behavior. iGaming operators could also gain insights into player behavior and preferences based on their location, which could be used to optimize game design and marketing strategies. Overall, hyper-accurate and real-time location data would be a valuable tool for iGaming operators to enhance fraud prevention, improve the player experience, and gain valuable insights into player behavior.

How is the iGaming industry regulated?

The iGaming industry is regulated by various governmental and regulatory bodies around the world. The regulatory framework for iGaming varies from country to country, and in some cases, even from state to state within a country. However, there are some common regulatory elements that are typically present across most iGaming jurisdictions.

  1. Licensing: iGaming operators must obtain a license from the appropriate regulatory body before they can offer their services to players. The licensing process typically involves background checks, financial audits, and other due diligence procedures to ensure that the operator is reputable and financially stable.

  2. Game Certification: iGaming operators must have their games certified by independent testing laboratories to ensure that they are fair and random.

  3. Responsible iGaming: Regulatory bodies often require iGaming operators to implement responsible iGaming policies and procedures to protect players from gambling-related harm.

  4. Anti-Money Laundering (AML): iGaming operators are required to implement robust AML policies and procedures to prevent money laundering and terrorist financing.

  5. Data Protection: iGaming operators must comply with data protection regulations and ensure that they protect players' personal and financial information.

  6. Advertising Standards: iGaming operators must comply with advertising standards and regulations to ensure that their marketing materials are truthful, accurate, and not misleading.

  7. Taxation: iGaming operators are typically subject to taxation in the jurisdictions where they operate.

Who is responsible for regulating the iGaming industry? 

The regulation of the iGaming industry can vary depending on the country or region. In the United States, for example, the regulation of the iGaming industry is primarily the responsibility of individual states. Each state has its own regulatory body or commission that oversees iGaming activities and ensures compliance with state laws and regulations.

In other countries, the regulation of the iGaming industry may be the responsibility of a federal government agency or a specialized regulatory body. For example, in the United Kingdom, the Gambling Commission is the regulatory body responsible for overseeing all forms of gambling, including online iGaming and sports betting. In Australia, the Australian Communications and Media Authority (ACMA) is responsible for regulating online iGaming and enforcing the Interactive Gambling Act.

In some countries, the regulation of the iGaming industry may also involve collaboration between multiple government agencies, such as tax authorities, law enforcement agencies, and iGaming commissions. Overall, the regulatory landscape for the iGaming industry can be complex and multifaceted, and the responsible regulatory bodies may vary depending on the location and type of iGaming activity.

What is a player location check? Why is it required?

Earth globe with six markings showing user from those countries trying login and one is marked as restricted while the others are verified

A player location check is a process used by iGaming operators to verify the physical location of a player at the time of gameplay. This is typically done using location data from the player's device, such as GPS, Wi-Fi triangulation, or IP geolocation. The purpose of a player location check is to ensure that the player is located in a jurisdiction where online iGaming is legal and authorized. This is required by law in many jurisdictions, as iGaming operators are required to comply with local regulations and prevent players from accessing their services from restricted areas. By verifying a player's location, operators can also prevent fraudulent activity, such as players using virtual private networks (VPNs) to circumvent geographic restrictions or engage in illegal activity. Overall, player location checks are a critical part of regulatory compliance for iGaming operators, and help ensure the integrity and fairness of their platforms.

How do iGaming regulators enforce player location checks? 

iGaming regulators typically enforce player location checks through a combination of regulatory requirements, licensing agreements, and compliance monitoring. iGaming operators are required to comply with local laws and regulations, which often include requirements for verifying the physical location of players. Regulators may also require iGaming operators to obtain licenses or permits, which may include specific requirements for player location checks and compliance monitoring.

To enforce these requirements, iGaming regulators may conduct regular audits of iGaming operators to ensure compliance with local laws and regulations, and verify that player location checks are being performed correctly. They may also require operators to submit regular reports or data on player location checks and compliance efforts.

In addition, iGaming regulators may work with law enforcement agencies to investigate and prosecute cases of illegal online iGaming, including cases where players are located in restricted jurisdictions or using fraudulent means to access iGaming platforms. Regulators may also impose fines or other penalties on iGaming operators who fail to comply with player location check requirements or other regulatory requirements.

What actions can iGaming regulators take if an operator fails to comply with regulations?

When iGaming operators fail to comply with regulations, iGaming regulators can take a range of actions to ensure adherence and enforce penalties. The specific measures taken depend on the nature and severity of the violation, as well as the regulatory framework in place.

One potential consequence for non-compliance is the imposition of fines and penalties. iGaming regulators can levy significant fines on operators who do not adhere to regulations, with the amount potentially increasing for repeated violations.

In more severe cases, iGaming regulators might suspend or revoke an iGaming operator's license. This action not only prevents the operator from offering iGaming services but can also have substantial financial and reputational repercussions.

To ensure ongoing compliance, iGaming regulators may require operators to undergo regular compliance monitoring. This process can involve audits, inspections, and reporting requirements that help maintain adherence to regulations.

In instances of serious or persistent violations, iGaming regulators may choose to pursue legal action against the iGaming operator. Depending on the nature of the violation, this could entail civil or criminal charges, further emphasizing the importance of compliance in the iGaming industry.

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